Even though we know the importance of safety precautions, it might not be possible to prevent spillage accidents entirely. While you may follow all safety regulations and industrial guidelines, some things are beyond your control.

Truth be told, you should be prepared to handle any spillage, whether it is an oil or chemical spill, and you also need to know how to respond to other hazards in your workplace.

Note that different spill products have different uses, and there is no one “absorbent to be used everywhere” type available. However, we can all agree that absorbents are important for any kind of spillage to be contained and cleaned up.

It can be challenging to choose the right product for you, given the number of options on the market. Products made from different types of absorbents have different properties and usage.

To make your selection of absorbents easier, we will be looking at different types of absorbents and their properties.

Different Absorbent Types and Their Uses

Hazchem absorbents

These absorbents can be used to clean up chemical spillages. It is important to know the chemical makeup of your workplace and choose a suitable absorbent. Different absorbents are different in their ability to deal with specific chemicals. If you work with a mix of chemicals, choose the most effective absorbent for each component.

Oil-only Absorbents

These absorbents are hydrophobic (water-repelling) and can only absorb hydrocarbon-based fluids. These absorbents will be helpful if your company deals with petroleum products or other oil types. These oil-only absorbents can be found in all usual products such as booms, pads, socks, booms, and pillows.

Universal absorbents

They can be used to absorb all types of spillages. These absorbents are also known as general-purpose absorbents. This option is ideal if your workplace is susceptible to small spillages and leakages of different oils, chemicals, or water-based fluids.

Source-Based Absorbent Types

Synthetic absorbents

These are man-made absorbents. Polypropylene is the most well-known material as the main component of these absorbents. These absorbents can be 50-60 times heavier than their weight and have a longer lifespan. Polypropylene’s disposal is not environmentally friendly as it is made of plastic.

Natural Inorganic

They can absorb up to 4 to 20 times their body weight. They are made up of clay, vermiculite, and volcanic ash.

Natural Organic

These absorbents are made from naturally occurring organic materials. For example- sawdust, cotton, peat moss, etc. They can absorb up to 15 times their body weight. These organic sorbents can easily dissolve in water and are often very loose. These sorbents are used primarily for oil-based spills and other water-based chemicals.

Correct Usage of Absorbent Products

Absorbent Pads

They are used to clean up spillage by being placed above the spilled material. They can be placed on the ground or under the machinery base to clean up any spillage. These are standard spill absorbent products with high absorbency. These can be used both at onshore and offshore locations. To clean up any spillage, use them in conjunction with absorbent socks.

Absorbent Booms

These socks are large versions of socks and are often used in offshore locations. These booms are used to contain spillages in the ocean. These booms can be connected end-to-end to increase the area covered. They also stay afloat after absorption.

Absorbent Socks

These products are cylindrical and can be used to stop spillage from spreading. The product is designed to seal the surface and prevent seepage. It is important to clean the surface before you use these socks. Otherwise, it may be difficult to perform the task effectively. To cover the base of your machine, these socks can be easily folded. This cylindrical shape is ideal for hard-to-reach areas.

Final Word

Irrespective of the requirements, absorbents are a must if your facility uses any kind of oil. From small oil spillages on the floor to oil skimmer spillages, they can save the day. You can also use filtration fabric for specific oil filtration and cleaning purposes.